HomeDiscoveryAnimal speciesCanada Goose
Canada Goose
print send digg delicious
  • Présentement 3.90/5 étoile.
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
comments 9 comments

Canada Goose

Facts about the Canada Goose

  • Strong neck
  • Short tail
  • Webbed feet
  • Powerful wings
  • White patch on each cheek
  • Very good eyesight
  • Long black neck
  • Excellent hearing


The Canada Goose is a bird from the family of geese, ducks and swans. There are some forty subspecies of the Canada Goose, varying in size from 90 cm to 2 meters.


The Canada Goose can be found in a wide variety of habitats:  in wooded areas and regions where there are no trees; on prairies, on the plains of Western Canada and the coastal flatlands of the Arctic as well as mountainous terrain. In spring, the pair builds a nest near a body of water (lake, marsh, pond), on a small island or on the shore.

What’s a nest made of?

The Canada Goose builds its nest with twigs, marsh grasses, its own chest and down feathers.


The female lays 4 to 6 creamy-white-coloured eggs. Incubation lasts 25 to 30 days. When the babies are ready to be born, tapping sounds can be heard inside the eggs.  Just a few hours after the eggs have hatched, the baby birds leave the nest and learn to swim.

The Canada Goose in its nest

While the female broods the eggs, the male stands guard. When he senses danger, he utters shrill cries and will sometimes even attack, hissing and furiously beating his wings.

Family Life

During their first summer, the baby geese learn to find food and especially, to be aware of the many dangers that lurk in the world around them. Footprints, left by a fox on the ground or a bird of prey circling overhead, are signs they learn to fear. By the time they are two months old, the young Canada geese are 25 times larger than they were at birth.


The Canada Goose (Branta canadensis) consumes about 250 grams of food a day. It can contort its long neck to reach plants, which grow under water. It also feeds on wild fruits, various grasses and seeds in crop fields



When spring arrives, the Canada geese return to their northern breeding grounds. Females lay eggs only once a year.  Just a few hours after the eggs have hatched, the baby geese leave the nest and learn to swim. When the chicks are more fully grown, the parents shed their long wing and tail feathers. This means they’re not able to fly for 3 to 4 weeks. From day one, the baby geese are able to swim about ten meters across the water.


During the summer months, the chicks eat and grow. Once the parents’ new remiges (main flight feathers) have grown back in, it’s time to teach the fledglings how to fly. They learn very quickly and around about day 63, they can already fly properly.  

By the time they are two months old, the young Canada geese stop growing. At that point, their size is almost 25 times what it was at birth. At the end of the summer, families of Canada geese leave their nesting grounds in search of food in a new territory. These long stiff wing feathers are the main flight feathers of a bird.


Canada geese migrate twice a year. In the fall, the goslings fly south with their parents. Several families form a migrating flock, which can consist of up to a hundred members. A lead bird guides the formation for a time before another leader replaces it.

During their migration, the Canada geese touch down on lakes, rivers, coastal ponds, inlets and farmers’ fields. Only when they return to their nesting grounds the following spring do the fledglings and their parents go their separate ways. The Canada goose flies at an average speed of 65 km/h, and can reach a speed of 100 km/h if it’s being chased. A flock of Canada geese are easily recognized by its V formation and loud honking.


The Canada geese, which nest in Québec usually winter in the Central and Eastern United States.  Throughout the winter months, the Canada geese rest after their long trip, gaining strength and acquiring a good layer of fat before returning north come the spring.  

Related articles
Pascale Otis
Travelling Biologist Pascale Otis has a passion for her subjects: geese.
Aquatic Environments
Aquatic environments include a variety of ecosystems that are home to plants and animals.
11 - Mother Goose
A specialist in migrating birds, Pascale Otis studies the stamina of geese in extreme cold.
The Man Who Talks with Wolves
Michel Pageau and his wife Louise have devoted their lives to caring for injured wild animals and returning them to their natural habitat. Some animals can’t make it in the wild, so the Pageaus opened a shelter - the Pageau Refuge - for animals that cannot be released.

Bernache du canada

Par Micheline, 2017-02-27, 13h49

Comment puis-je reconnaître le male de la femelle chez les outardes?

Migration des bernaches

Par Moranville Marc, 2015-04-24, 13h49

Depuis 2 à 3 semaines, les bernaches volent de façon incohérente: le soir (18.00H), elles volent nord-ouest et la matin(06.00H) sud-est. Et le fameux V qui les caractérisent n'y est pas. Comment expliquer ce phénomène? Merci, à l'avance. Malheureusement, il nous est impossible de donner une explication à ce phénomène précis. Il y a tellement de facteurs environnementaux qui peuvent entrer en ligne de compte. L'équipe d'Humanima

Familles avec jeunes enfants

Par Danielle Prévost, 2014-08-20, 13h49

Comment faire pour que les bernaches s'installe dans un autre endroit. Car depuis leurs présences nous avons des problèmes de Dermatite du baigneur. Merci ! des familles avec de jeunes enfants qui aimeraient se baigner sans démangeaisons. Réponse d'Humanima : Vous pourriez vous adresser au ministère de la faune du Québec. Ils ont peut-être de l'information à ce sujet. Voici un lieu sur la dermatite du baigneur : http://publications.msss.gouv.qc.ca/acrobat/f/documentation/2012/12-270-01F.pdf


Par Guy Lafortune, 2014-07-17, 13h49

vers quelle date naissent les oisons des Bernaches du Canada, Merçi Réponse d'Humanima : Cela dépend de leur date d'arrivée qui varie selon les régions. Habituellement, c'est à la fin du printemps. Voici un lien pour plus d'informations. http://www.hww.ca/fr/especes/oiseaux/la-bernache-du-canada.html#sid5


Par André Roiseux, 2013-04-20, 13h49

Parmi mes canards et mes poules j'ai un couple de cygnes et un de Bernaches dans une grande volière. La femelle bernache à pondu à même le sol à proximité de l'eau d'un petit étang. Que puis-je faire pour faciliter la nidification ?Mettre du foin ou de la paille à proximité ? Faire un abri dans lequel je fais un nid, et comment ? Merci d'avance pour vos conseils

outardes encore au québec

Par martinezz, 2012-12-17, 13h49

bonjour, je me demandais si c'est possible qu'il y ait encore des outardes au Québec a ce temps-ci???


Par kiki, 2011-03-30, 13h49

C'est superbe pour les devoirs d' S.V.T merci

Bernache du Canada

Par RSP, 2011-01-15, 13h49

J'ai découvert ce magnifique oiseau au printemps et à l'été dernier à la base de plein air de ma ville. Votre site web est excellent pour s'informer sur la faune et les habitudes de vie de tout ces beaux oiseaux que nous connaissons mal en général. Continuer votre beau travail, très bonne source d'informations. Bien à vous. RSP.


Par myriam larouche, 2010-01-12, 13h49

votre site est génial merci beaucoup il est génial pour les recherches continuez comme ça !!!!(L) merci encore(L)(L)

1 2
Toutes les pages
Leave a comment

Remove image Images must be in JPG format and not exceed 10 MB.
Resolution must be less than 3,000 by 3,000 pixels.

Enter the characters appearing in the image above. If you’re unable to read them, please click here.