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Peregrine Falcons (Endangered Species)
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Peregrine Falcons (Endangered Species)

The Peregrine Falcons anatum live mainly on the shores of the St. Lawrence and Saguenay Rivers.  Cliff ledges provide them with excellent nesting sites. 

People have been trapping and hunting the Peregrine Falcons for many years.  They’ve grown accustomed to looters who steal their eggs and destroy their nests.  Up until the sixties, they always managed to resist these intrusions.

During the 1960’s, however, the population began to decline at an alarming rate.  The spreading of pesticides contaminated their prey and they in turn were contaminated.  In less than two decades, the Peregrine Falcons almost completely disappeared not only in Québec but throughout Canada as well.

With the disappearance of wetlands and marshlands, their prey began to be depleted.  Nesting was also more difficult because of deterioration and loss of habitat.

Cliff-climbing activities are often the reason these birds have to abandon their nests, and also cause the destruction of the eggs and the death of the babies.  That’s why cliff climbers should be very careful.

Many of the Peregrine Falcons anatum are also victims of electric power lines and automobiles – most collisions with cars are fatal. Fortunately, the species is highly adaptable.  They’ve even managed to adapt to city life by nesting on buildings and bridges.

In Québec, there are now protected areas that limit or forbid logging activities close to the nesting sites.  This has stopped them from having to abandon their nests, and encouraged breeding of peregrine falcons.

Between 1976 and 1994, most of the young were raised in captivity.  They were then released back into the wild.  This reintroduction program has managed to slow the decline.

Today, there are laws protecting the Peregrine falcon in almost every part of North America.

But human encroachment and loss of habitat continue to have lethal effects on the species.

Although still quite low, the Peregrine falcons anatum population now seems to be on the rise.

Once listed as a species on the brink of extinction, it is now designated as a threatened species.
 

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