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Canada Lynx

Lynx Du Canada

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Canada Lynx

Facts about the Canada Lynx

Family: Felidae
Length: 70 to 120 cm
Height at the shoulder: 32 to 58 cm
Weight: 6 to 18 kg
Lifespan: 10 years

  • Very good night vision
  • Excellent hearing, poor sense of smell
  • Pointed ears with long black tufts that help pinpoint sounds
  • Hind legs are longer than forelegs; large paws with thick fur padding; retractable claws
  • Summer coat is buff mottled with brown and black. Winter fur is thicker and grey-buff in colour
  • Short tail, 7 to 15 cm long, with black tip

Lynx du CanadaA silent loner, the Canada Lynx is sometimes referred to as the « deerhunting wolf » because it has been known, when hungry enough, to attack young deer. It’s an excellent tree climber and can jump a length of as much as 7 m.  Though not very fond of water, the lynx is a strong swimmer.

Wild cat

The Canada Lynx (Lynx canadensis), a short-tailed cat of the family Felidae, lives in the boreal forests of North America. It occurs in all the Canadian provinces except western coastal British Columbia, and the southern central and northernmost regions of Canada. 

Habitat

Essentially sedentary, the Canada Lynx lives in dense coniferous forests with heavy undergrowth. Its home range is anywhere from 15 to 40 km2. It covers from 4 to 20 km a day in its range, always using the same trails. Despite its sedentary nature, it will leave its territory if there’s a lack of prey. Snowshoe hares live in the same habitat.   

Playful kittens

Lynx du CanadaLike all young cats, lynx kittens are naturally very playful, and spend most of their time chasing each other, rough housing and climbing everywhere.  Through play they develop the skills they will need later to hunt and elude predators. 

The den

The den site is primitive and can consist of a scattering of leaves under the lower branches of a tree or beneath a bush. The lynx has also been known to take shelter in a crevice or a hollow log.    

The hare is its favourite fare

This carnivore consumes approximately 200 snowshoe hares a year. Because these hares constitute 75% of its diet, the prosperity of the lynx population is intimately linked to the 10-year cycle of boom and bust of the snowshoe hare population.

Rodents and birds are also part of its diet. 

Marks its territory

Lynx du CanadaThe lynx marks its territory with its urine and leaves droppings in plain sight, spaced at regular intervals. It also marks tree trunks with its claws. 

In Québec, the lynx’s number one enemies are humans and wolves.  It is a fairly easy animal to trap. It can usually elude wolves by climbing a tree, but out in the open its chances of survival are slim. It rarely escapes an equally skillful climber such as the cougar. 

SEASON BY SEASON

Spring

The mating season is the only time of year the lynx makes its presence known and loudly heard.  The female calls lustily to attract the males. Mating occurs from mid-March to early April.  Lynxes are polygamous.

Following a 9-week gestation period, the female gives birth to a litter which averages 1 to 5 kittens that are little balls of grey fur mottled with dark stripes. They’re 16 to 18 cm long and weigh 200 g.  They are blind at birth. The kittens open their eyes around the 12th day. Their mother feeds them meat from an early age and nurses them until they’re 2 months’ old.  The female has only one litter a year.  She raises her kittens without assistance from the male.

Summer

Although snowshoe hares constitute its prey of choice, the summer months allow the lynx to vary its diet. When it’s eaten its fill, the lynx will hide the leftovers to keep them for a future meal. This nocturnal hunter sets out just before sunset and doesn’t let up until dawn’s early light. 

Autumn - Winter

In autumn, the mother teaches the kittens to hunt. These hunting parties “en famille” increase the chances of catching greater numbers of prey. The young lynxes spend their first winter with their mother then, at approximately 10 months, they leave her to go and establish their own territory. 

The Canada Lynx remains active all winter long. The thick, hairy padding on the soles of its paws makes walking on snow a cinch. The lynx waits out the severe storms and bitter cold of winter snuggled in its den. 

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Comments

Un lynx dans ma cour

Par Équipe d'Humanima, 2015-01-21, 04h47

Le lynx est un animal plutôt discret. Il est plutôt rare de pouvoir l'observer facilement. S'il y a présence de nourriture sur votre terrain, peut-être que c'est cela qui l'attire. Vous pourriez signaler sa présence au ministère de la faune du Québec et demander des conseils à un agent de la faune. http://www.mffp.gouv.qc.ca/faune/ Voici un lien qui vous donnera plus d'informations sur cet animal. http://www.hww.ca/fr/especes/mammiferes/le-lynx-du-canada.html

un lynx dans notre cour

Par Chantale Baril, 2015-01-10, 04h47

Un lynx se promène tous les jours dans notre cour. Nous habitons au bord d'un lac en Abitibi. Y a-t-il un danger pour nous? Y a-t-il un ministère à qui on peut s'adresser pour le capturer?

Bébé lynx

Par jaycika87, 2010-11-19, 04h47

Cet automne, j'ai fait la rencontre de 3 bébés lynx dans un petit sentier pédestre, nous avons vue la maman avant, elle s'est caché. 3 petits bébés étaient jucher dans un arbre tous curieux

oh mon dieuu!!

Par freshta, 2010-11-06, 04h47

comment avez vous faites serieux moi jaurais crié au bout!! loll tk j'espere que vous avez pus l'examiner tres bien j'en reve d'en voir un meme si jai peur :)

Un lynx a moin de 15 pieds de moi

Par JS, 2010-01-26, 04h47

Cet été j'ai fait une expérience extraordinaire ! Je pêchais près d'un pont qui traversait entre 2 lacs (le lac Raven et un autre donc je ne me rappelle plus le nom). Il était 5 heures du matin. Je me suis retourné et j'ai vu un animal assis à 15 pieds de moi et me regardant...un lynx ! Le tout a durée 2-3 minutes puis le lynx est passé tout près de moi sans cesser de me regarder et à continuer son chemin ! Un magnifique animal !

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