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Boreal Forest
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Boreal Forest

The planet’s largest ecosystem and the northern hemisphere’s coldest forest zone, the Boreal Forest also contains one of the Earth’s largest stores of oxygen

The great forest of the North

The Boreal Forest accounts for nearly one third of the world’s forest area. It extends across the northern hemisphere, in a band about 1,000 km wide, through Canada, Russia and Scandinavia. The Boreal Forest is Canada’s largest zone of vegetation and is home to thousands of wildlife species.

Forests, lakes and rivers

Shaped for 10,000 years by forests, lakes and rivers, the Boreal Forest is the largest old growth forest in North America. Each day, its wetlands filter millions of litres of water in addition to reducing the risk of flooding and drought.

Refuge for wildlife

More than 85 species of mammals live in the Boreal Forest. Moose, caribou, wolves, bears, lynxes and beavers are superbly adapted to the region’s harsh climate. Over 300 species of birds, mostly migratory, are found in this ecosystem. Certain species, such as chickadees, woodpeckers, crows, ravens and owls, reside here year-round. The Boreal Forest provides a nesting ground for nearly half of North America’s birds.

Rising from the ashes

The Boreal Forest is dominated by resilient plant life primarily made up of conifers  such as spruce, fir, larch and pine. Deciduous trees such as birch, mountain ash, poplar and willow are found especially near lakes, rivers and peat bogs. Regularly ravaged by fire, the Boreal Forest is capable of rising from its ashes. A new generation of trees soon peeps through the charred earth, gradually regenerating the old forest.

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