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Aquatic Environments
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Aquatic Environments

Wildlife habitats

Wildlife habitats – the environments where wild animal species live – are very diverse because they must fulfill the major needs of the wildlife species that are commonly found there.  Although the habitats are distinct from each other, in most cases the environments they provide are not independent of each other.  In other words, damage done to a forest may have an impact on neighbouring waterways and wetlands.  And did you know that some animals may require several types of habitats during their lifetime or depending on the season?

Features of waterlands

Waterlands incorporate a variety of systems:  salt water (sea), saline water (estuary), various bodies of fresh water (river) as well as lakes and ponds (lake).  It’s not always easy to tell where waterlands end and riverlands (river environments) or wetlands begin because these environments are so closely interconnected.

In Québec, the many streams, rivers, lakes, estuaries, coastal waters as well as the St. Lawrence River are overflowing with an astounding array of aquatic plants and wildlife.  These habitats provide food, shelter and breeding sites,

Learn more about the main animals that are commonly found in waterlands

The Mallard

The Mallard is commonly found in waterlands because he is a surface-feeding duck that eats plants and invertebrates.  But he’s also partial to grains and insects.

The Canada Goose

The Canada Goose nests near the shores of waterways (lakes, swamps and ponds) and on small islands.  She eats underwater plants, wild fruits, grasses and crop grains.

The Moose

The Moose just loves water.  He takes long baths to protect his hide from stinging insects, and feasts on aquatic plants.

The Wolf

His menu in summer is highly varied:  field mice, hares, birds and sometimes even fish.  He is an excellent swimmer and he’s always willing to chase beavers.

The American Beaver

The American Beaver is an herbivore and he mainly eats bark.  His menu varies depending on the season; it also consists of twigs, leaves, roots and aquatic plants.

The Bald Eagle

The Bald Eagle nests in tall trees that grow along the coast, on lakeshores and riverbanks.  His habitat has been damaged by people spreading chemical products, by logging activities and mining operations.

The Black Bear

In summer, the Black Bear digs under rocks and in rotten tree stumps looking for bees, wasps, ants and termites. He also eats fish and wild fruits.  My home range extends over some forty square kilometers.

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